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Sedatives encompass a wide variety of drugs with different mechanisms of action that can induce depression of the central nervous system (CNS).In the first part of the 20th century, the pharmacotherapy of anxiety and insomnia relied on barbiturates, which were replaced with benzodiazepines as drugs of choice in the second part of the previous century.
Children of all ages should be NPO for clear liquids 2 hours before undergoing sedation.Sedating a patient is normally a very safe procedure, and parents can help reduce the risks and stress level for their child before, during and after the treatment.Types of Sedation Oral sedation, nitrous oxide and intravenous sedation are the major types of sedation dentists provide.One of the most important goals of clinicians is patient comfort.When patients present to the emergency department (ED), treating the pain and anxiety that accompany the chief complaint are critical to patient satisfaction and quality of care.Nonetheless, clinicians may underuse sedation, usually from a lack of experience or from unchallenged myths regarding its use.
Sedation is the depression of a patient's awareness to the environment and reduction of his or her responsiveness to external stimulation.
Procedural sedation may be defined as the administration of sedative or dissociative agents, with or without analgesics, to induce a state that allows the patient to tolerate unpleasant procedures while maintaining cardiorespiratory function.
Specifically, the drugs, doses, and techniques used are not likely to produce a loss of protective airway reflexes.
At the end of the procedure, pure oxygen is given to the patient to clear out any remaining nitrous oxide.
Intravenous sedation is delivered through a needle inserted into the patient's vein.
According to the Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, oral sedation is taken by mouth or through the nose as soon as the patient arrives at the appointment, as the medicine usually takes up to 20 minutes to work.