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Recent research on seasonal effects on tree rings in other trees in the same genus, the plantation pine , has revealed that up to five rings per year can be produced and extra rings are often indistinguishable, even under the microscope, from annual rings.
Claimed older tree ring chronologies depend on the cross-matching of tree ring patterns of pieces of dead wood found near living trees.However, when the interpretation of scientific data contradicts the true history of the world as revealed in the Bible, then it’s the interpretation of the data that is at fault.It’s important to remember that we have limited data, and new discoveries have often overturned previous ‘hard facts’.It is also used in radiocarbon dating to calibrate radiocarbon ages.New growth in trees occurs in a layer of cells near the bark.Calibration is not only done before an analysis but also on analytical results as in the case of radiocarbon dating—an analytical method that identifies the age of a material that once formed part of the biosphere by determining its carbon-14 content and tracing its age by its radioactive decay.
Carbon-14 is a naturally occurring isotope of the element carbon.
It is also called “radiocarbon” because it is unstable and radioactive relative to carbon-12 and carbon-13.
Carbon consists of 99% carbon-12, 1% carbon-13, and about one part per million carbon-14.
"We can see the first glimpse of an environmental history which is independent of human history and which, most of the time, is better dated than human history," stated Prof Michael Baillie of the School of Archaeology and Palaeoecology, Queen's University Belfast.
He was speaking at a talk given last week at the RDS in Dublin.
It is also worth noting that the half-life used in carbon dating calculations is 5568 years, the value worked out by chemist Willard Libby, and not the more accurate value of 5730 years, which is known as the Cambridge half-life.