What is the purpose of consolidating and codifying legislation
A consolidation loan made pursuant to this section shall be insurable by the Secretary or a guaranty agency pursuant to paragraph (2) only if the loan is made to an eligible borrower who has agreed to notify the holder of the loan promptly concerning any change of address and the loan is evidenced by a note or other written agreement which— is made without security and without endorsement, except that if the borrower is a minor and such note or other written agreement executed by him or her would not, under applicable law, create a binding obligation, endorsement may be required; provides that periodic installments of principal need not be paid, but interest shall accrue and be paid in accordance with clause (ii), during any period for which the borrower would be eligible for a deferral under section 1078 (b)(1)(M) of this title, and that any such period shall not be included in determining the repayment schedule pursuant to subsection (c)(2) of this section; and by the Secretary, in the case of a consolidation loan for which the application is received by an eligible lender before November 13, 1997, that consolidated only Federal Stafford Loans for which the student borrower received an interest subsidy under section 1078 of this title; by the Secretary, in the case of a consolidation loan for which the application is received by an eligible lender on or after November 13, 1997, except that the Secretary shall pay such interest only on that portion of the loan that repays Federal Stafford Loans for which the student borrower received an interest subsidy under section 1078 of this title or Federal Direct Stafford Loans for which the borrower received an interest subsidy under section 1087e of this title; or If, before July 1, 2010, a borrower is unable to obtain a consolidation loan from a lender with an agreement under subsection (a)(1), or is unable to obtain a consolidation loan with income-sensitive repayment terms or income-based repayment terms acceptable to the borrower from such a lender, or chooses to obtain a consolidation loan for the purposes of using the public service loan forgiveness program offered under section 1087e (m) of this title, the Secretary shall offer any such borrower who applies for it, a Federal Direct Consolidation loan.
Loans covered by such a certificate that is issued by a guaranty agency shall be considered to be insured loans for the purposes of reimbursements under section 1078 (c) of this title, but no payment shall be made with respect to such loans under section 1078 (f) of this title to any such agency. It often happens that the separation of different documents containing a principal law and possibly several later amendments to it makes it impossible for the non-professional to understand the actual legal situation. In February 2003, the Commission decided to reduce the existing 100,000 or so pages of EU law in the Official Journal by 35,000 by 2005.In 2006 the Vice-President of the Commission, Günter Verheugen, regretted that this process was proving very slow.These codified laws were the exceptions rather than the rule, however, as during much of ancient times Roman laws were left mostly uncodified.The first permanent system of codified laws could be found in China, with the compilation of the Tang Code in AD 624.Consolidating statute is a statute that collects the legislative provisions on a particular topic and embodies them in a single statute, often with minor amendments and drafting improvements.
The courts generally presume that a consolidating statute leaves prior caselaw intact.
In the annual report for 2009 the Commission mentioned a total of 220 codifications replacing 1090 acts and saving 2000 pages in the Official Journal. A similar project unifies laws into a single text - i.e.
The total number of EU legal acts is still increasing. consolidates them - by adding any amendments into the text of what is being amended.
Jack Kevorkian could be prosecuted under Michigan common law for assisting patient with suicide, despite the absence in Michigan's criminal code of a statute that prohibits such action law (People v. Ancient Greek and Roman civilizations continued the practice of codification.
However, their written codes were not always helpful.
Three centuries later, the Babylonian king Hammurabi enacted the set of laws named after him.